Glossary

Glossary - joel-filipe-196000.jpg

Additional findings (AFs)

A previously undiagnosed condition discovered in the course of research or diagnosis. May also be known as incidental findings (IFs) or secondary findings.

 

Aliquot

A portion of a total volume of liquid

 

Biobank

An organised collection of biological material and corresponding information about the people who they came from which is stored, processed and available for suitably qualified researchers to access. It may also be known as Biorepository. Biological material includes samples of blood, saliva, urine, bits of organs like lung, liver, brain, or skin or bone. 

 

Biopsy

Removal and examination of a sample of tissue, fluid or cells for the purpose of diagnosis.

 

Biorepository

An organised collection of biological material and corresponding information which is stored, processed and available for suitably qualified researchers to access. It may also be known as Biobank. Biological material includes samples of blood, saliva, urine, bits of organs like lung, liver, brain, or skin or bone. 

 

Biospecimen

A sample of tissue, fluid or cells in a biobank or biorepository.

 

Broad consent

Broad consent means the general area of research may be outlined to the patient (such as cancer research, genetic research or medical research) but without specifying a particular project. This means the sample can be used without having to re-contact the patient to obtain a specific consent for each project in the future. Any future project would still be performed in compliance with local rules and ethics approval by an appropriate committee.

 

Centrifuge

A device in which tubes of liquid are spun around a central axis at high speeds to separate them into their component parts. These are sometimes called fractions.

 

Consent

Giving approval or agreement after thoughtful consideration.

 

DNA

This stands for deoxyribose nucleic acid, the chemical name for genetic material in body cells.  DNA contains the instructions for building your body and controlling its functions.

 

Donor

Someone who gives their tissue and personal data to a biobank for research.

 

Exome

The parts of your genetic material that is translated to make proteins.

 

Genome

All of your genetic material. 

 

HGP

The Human Genome Project was an international scientific research project conducted between 1990 and 2003 to determine entire sequence of DNA that makes up the human genome.

 

Research Ethics Committee (REC)

A group of professional and lay people who decide whether or not a proposed research project meets certain ethical standards and takes into account the safety, dignity and wellbeing of anyone who may take part in the proposed research.

 

Sequencing

The process that determines the order (sequence) of building blocks that make up genetic material. Sequencing can show changes in DNA that might lead to disease.

Shape the future of medical research

Would you donate body tissues to a biobank to help scientists find better treatments?

Glossary - joel-filipe-196000.jpg